David's Kingdom of Israel
990 BCE - The Holy City
on both sides of the Jordan River
"And David assembled all Israel at Jerusalem, to bring up the ark of the Lord unto its place, which he had prepared for it."
(1st Chronicles 15:3)
"Thus all Israel brought up the Ark of the Covenant of the Lord with shouting, and with sound of the horn, and with trumpets, and with cymbals, sounding aloud with psalteries and harps."
(1st Chronicles 15:28)
Jerusalem becomes a sacred city with the transfer of the Ark of the Covenant – the focus and symbol of centralized religious authority.
David calls for a census to be taken in all the land. When it is completed, he realizes his error in numbering the people – a forbidden act. "So the Lord sent a pestilence upon Israel from the morning even to the time appointed; and there died of the people from Dan even to Beer-sheva seventy thousand men."
(2nd Samuel 24:15)
"And the angel of the Lord was standing by the threshing-floor of Ornan the Jebusite. And David lifted up his eyes, and saw the angel of the Lord standing between the earth and the heaven, having a drawn sword in his hand stretched out over Jerusalem. Then David and the elders, clothed in sackcloth, fell upon their faces." (1st Chronicles 21:16)
"So David gave to Ornan for the place six hundred shekels of gold by weight. And David built there an altar unto the Lord, and offered burnt-offerings and peace-offerings, and called upon the Lord; and He answered him from heaven by fire upon the altar of burnt-offering. And the Lord commanded the angel; and he put up his sword back into the sheath thereof." (1st Chronicles 21:25-27)
The stone of this altar on the threshing floor is believed to be the location of both the Even HaShetiyah and the binding of Isaac on Mount Moriah.
David is denied the privilege of building a permanent home for the Ark of the Covenant on this site. This right is reserved to his son Solomon.
"And David slept with his fathers, and was buried in the city of David. And the days that David reigned over Israel were forty years: seven years reigned he in Hebron, and thirty and three years reigned he in Jerusalem. And Solomon sat upon the throne of David his father; and his kingdom was established firmly."
(1st Kings 2:10-12)
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